An anesthetic causes the temporary loss of feeling or sensation.
Anterior refers to the front position.
Apex is the end of the tooth root.
Asepsis means there is no presence of bacteria or microorganisms.
Attrition refers to wear on the teeth due to chewing or other activities.
An avulsion is an injury which involves a tooth that has been completely knocked out.
Bitewing dental x-rays are taken with the teeth biting down together. This x-ray helps detect cavities between the teeth and checks the height of bone support.
Bleaching refers to teeth whitening treatments.
Bruxism refers to teeth grinding.
The canine tooth is the third from the middle. There are four and they are the longest teeth in humans.
Canker sores are ulcers in the mouth that look yellow with a red border. They may be caused by trauma or the herpes simplex virus.
Caries are another term for tooth decay.
A cavity is a hole in the mouth due to tooth decay.
A cast is the model or mold that is created of the teeth.
Cementation refers to the process of adhering an appliance, prosthesis, or restoration into place.
Chlorhexidine is an antimicrobial agent. It is available as a gel or rinse and effectively helps control gum disease.
A clasp is the metal arm or piece that extends from a removable partial denture. The clasp attaches to the natural tooth and works to anchor the denture.
A cold sore is an ulcer or blister on the lip that forms due to the herpes simplex virus.
A crossbite occurs when the upper and lower jaw do not meet naturally. The lower teeth line up more toward the cheek or lip rather than with the upper teeth.
A crown acts like a cap that partially or completely covers the tooth above the gum line. The crown restores a tooth’s function and appearance.
Tooth decay occurs through demineralization of the tooth enamel and dentin. It can also be an infection within the tooth. Tooth decay requires treatment.
Dentistry involves diagnosing, preventing, and treating oral diseases of the mouth, teeth, and associated structures.
Dentition is the number, type, and position of the teeth in the jaws.
Dentures are artificial appliances that replace missing teeth. There are a variety of types of dentures (immediate/implant-retained/complete/partial/overdenture/temporary) depending on a patient’s needs and preferences.
A denturist diagnoses, prevents, and treats oral diseases.
Desensitization is done to reduce teeth sensitivity.
Diagnosis is the process of identifying dental disease.
A diastema refers to the space between teeth.
Distal indicates the direction in the mouth that points away from the middle of the jaw.
Edentulous means no teeth.
Endodontics is the division of dentistry that involves diagnosing, preventing, and treating the dental pulp which is where the nerves and blood vessels are located within the tooth.
Eruption occurs when the tooth starts to appear in the mouth.
Excision involves cutting or excising something.
Extruded is when a tooth has partially been pushed out of its socket.
A filling is a type of dental restoration that is placed on the tooth to strengthen it restoring its function and appearance.
A flipper is a temporary denture that replaces missing teeth while the patient waits for more permanent or long-term treatment.
Dental floss is the string or thread that cleans and removes particles from between the teeth.
Fluoride is a compound that can come as a water, gel, or rinse to strengthen the teeth.
Fluoride treatment involves using the fluoride agent to prevent tooth decay.
A fracture occurs when a tooth has been weakened. The crack may extend into the root damaging the pulp.
The framework refers to the metal frame or skeleton of a removable partial denture that supports the false teeth and attachments.
Gingivitis is a mild phase of gum disease that often involves inflamed or bleeding gums.
Hemorrhage is bleeding.
Hemostasis involves stopping bleeding or hemorrhaging.
Impaction occurs when a tooth is not able to erupt normally or when it is stuck under a tooth or bone.
A dental implant is a device placed in the jaw to replace a missing tooth and support a false tooth, a denture, or a bridge.
Impressions are molds or models taken with a jelly or putty-like substance.
Incisal refers to the cutting area along the front teeth.
Incisors are the four upper and lower front teeth.
Inlays are dental restorations often made of gold, composite or ceramics that restore the tooth’s natural functions.
Interproximal refers to the space between two adjacent teeth.
Lingual is the side of the tooth nearest the tongue.
Mesial is the tooth side that points toward the middle of the jaw.
Molars are your last three upper and lower teeth on both sides of the mouth.
A mouthguard is worn to prevent injury to the teeth/jaw during sports or from teeth grinding.
A night guard is simply a mouthguard worn at night.
Occlusal refers to the biting surface on the back teeth.
An occlusion refers to how the upper and lower teeth close or meet together.
An open bite occurs when the upper teeth do not contact the lower teeth when biting down.
Orthodontics involves diagnosing, preventing, and treating abnormalities or irregularities of the bite and/or face.
An overbite occurs when the upper teeth overlap the lower teeth when biting down.
Overhang is the filling material that hangs or droops beyond the border of the cavity.
The palate refers to the top of the oral cavity.
A panoramic radiograph is an x-ray showing the wide view of the upper and lower jaws.
A perforation is an opening in a tooth or other oral structure.
Periapical is the surrounding of the tooth root.
Permanent teeth are the adult teeth. They begin to come in around age 6.
The pin is the surrounding of the root of a tooth.
A post is a big pin often made of metal or carbon. The post helps support a big buildup on a tooth.
Posterior refers to locations at the back.
Pre-authorization is the prior approval usually from a dental insurance company before a treatment is performed.
Pre-medication is taken prior to treatment.
Premolars are the two teeth in front of the molars.
A prescription is a written form from a doctor or dentist to a pharmacist. It states the type, amount, and directions for a medication or appliance for a patient.
Primary teeth are baby teeth.
Prophylaxis involves the cleaning or polishing of the teeth to prevent oral diseases.
A dental prosthesis is an artificial device to replace missing teeth and their associated structures.
Prosthodontics involves diagnosing, treating, and creating the devices or restorations that replace missing teeth and their associated structures.
The pulp of the tooth is the innermost area which houses the nerves and blood vessels.
A pulpotomy removes only the top part of the pulp inside a tooth.
A pulpotomy removes only the top part of the pulp inside a tooth.
A radiograph is an x-ray image.
Recall referrals to your routine dental exam and teeth cleaning appointment.
Recementation involves adhering or gluing an appliance/prosthesis back onto the associated area.
A retainer helps keep the teeth in the correct position after orthodontic treatment.
Retreatment involves repeating the root canal treatment.
The root is the bottom of the tooth that anchors the tooth to the mouth and supporting structures.
A root canal runs inside the tooth root and contains the nerves and blood vessels of the tooth.
Root planing is the cleaning of the tooth root.
A rubber dam fits around the tooth to isolate the area from the rest of the mouth.
Scaling refers to the treatment for cleaning below the gum line.
A dental sealant is a thin layer of material that covers the grooves of the tooth to prevent cavities.
Sedation involves using medication to keep a patient calm.
A space maintainer is an appliance that keeps space between the teeth.
A splint prevents movement of a mobile part.
Tempromandibular Joint (TMJ)
The temporomandibular joint links the two parts of the jaw.
Torus is a bone growth that usually occurs on the roof of the mouth or around the premolars on the lower jaw.
Veneers are thin layers of tooth-colored material that are applied to the front of the teeth. They are often used to enhance the appearance of the teeth.
Wisdom teeth are the last and final molars. Each wisdom tooth is the eighth (or last) tooth from the middle of the jaw.